As the Revolution progressed, he was hounded into exile by the radical leadership. AncientPages.com - The March on Versailles, was one of the earliest and most significant events of the French Revolution. On October 4, 1789, a crowd of women demanding bread for their families gathered other discontented Parisians, including some men, and marched toward Versailles, arriving soaking wet from the rain.They demanded to see "the Baker," "the Baker's wife," and "the Baker's boy". Even so, the royal court in Paris was much more austere. At the end of the Ancien Régi… T wo days afterwards the seige of Namur was declared. Optimistic observers such as Camille Desmoulins declared that France would now enter a new golden age, with its revived citizenry and popular constitutional monarchy. The units had a history of cooperation and a military sense of mutual respect, and Lafayette, who had been snatching a few hours of sleep in his exhaustion, awoke to make the most of it. The crowd had conflicting aims but there was a general consensus that the king must return to Paris and address the food crisis. According to Duquesnoy’s account: “Imagine the surprise of many members of the [National] Assembly when some 20 fishwives entered, led by a reasonably well-dressed man called Maillard, who spoke on their behalf with great skill and in well educated French. The soldiers were given no orders to fire on civilians and many soldiers openly mingled with them. They would start by attacking the Hôtel de Ville with a full 7-10 thousand people, taking bread and nearly burning the building down. It was said the soldiers sang verses of O Richard, ô mon Roi!, an operatic song praising an imprisoned king and calling for his freedom. The revolution's capacity for violence was as yet not fully realized. MessageToEagle.com – The March on Versailles, was one of the earliest and most significant events of the French Revolution. , The lavish banquet was certain to be an affront to those suffering in a time of severe austerity, but it was reported in the cockade; drunken officers were said to have stamped upon this symbol of the nation and professed their allegiance solely to the white cockade of the House of Bourbon. The Women's March on Versailles, also known as The October March, The October Days, or simply The March on Versailles, was one of the earliest and most significant events of the French Revolution. In October 1789, thousands of Parisians, many of them women, embarked on a 12-mile march to Versailles, the residence of the French king Louis XVI and the National Constituent Assembly. The march symbolized a new balance of power that displaced the ancient privileged orders of the French nobility and favored the nation's common people, collectively termed the Third Estate. The storming of the Bastille had occurred less than three months earlier. Amid this unlikely development, Lafayette cannily let the mob's fury drain away until, with dramatic timing and flair, he knelt reverently and kissed her hand. These reports, along with rumours of more debauchery at Versailles, caused outrage among the working people of Paris. google_ad_width = 160;
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; GNU Free Documentation License; additional terms may apply; additional licensing terms may not be displayed on the current page, please review the citiational source for the most up to date information. ", The goodwill generated by this surprising turn of events defused the situation, but to many observers the scene on the balcony was mere theatricality without long-term resonance. In October 1789, thousands of Parisians, many of them women, embarked on a 12-mile march to Versailles, the residence of the French king Louis XVI and the National Constituent Assembly. Are you an author? “The October Days illustrate the delicate balance in the relationship between the people and the monarchy… Constitutional monarchy [was] the only political system really considered at this time, but even violent protestors showed no real hostility to the king’s role. Because of poor harvests in 1788 and 1789, supplies of grain fell well short of their usual level, the price of bread rose dramatically in 1789. Context. //-->. After getting food, the crowd would march towards Versailles in the rain. Among their makeshift weaponry they dragged along several cannons taken from the Hôtel de Ville. AUCH, M. Martin d’, in Versailles Court. Once the women reached the entrance to Versailles, they were chanting the word bread over and over again to the beat of a drum. When the two men stepped out on a balcony an unexpected cry went up: "Vive le Roi!  For the women of Paris, the march became the source of apotheosis in revolutionary hagiography. google_ad_height = 600;
An illustration of the Women's March on Versailles, 5 October 1789, The revolutionary decrees passed by the Assembly in August 1789 culminated in, The women hailed by onlookers on their way to Versailles (illustration c. 1842), Lawsuit about the happenings of 6 October at Versailles; Châtelet Paris 1790, Significant civil and political events by year, Philip Mansel, page 129 "Pillars of Monarchy", ISBN 0-7043-2424-5, Richard Cobb, page 88 "The French Revolution - Voices From a Momentous Epoch", CN 8039, The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth, Louis Michel le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau, List of people associated with the French Revolution, The French Revolution a History Volume Three, Memoirs of Louis XIV and His Court and of the Regency, The Duchesse de Langeais, With an Episode under the Terror, The Illustrious Gaudissart, A Passion in the Desert, And the Hidden Masterpiece. On this rainy autumn Monday an armed group of approximately six thousand angry French women wanted food and money and were willing push extreme limits in order to fulfill that demand. Desperate, he made his abortive flight to Varennes in June 1791. Some officers, Marat claimed, had also donned black and white cockades of the Ancien Régime. For revolutionaries, the preservation of their recent legislation and the creation of a constitution were paramount, and a lockdown of the king within reformist Paris would provide the best possible environment for the Revolution to succeed. The ladies went away to Dinant. Deeding children seemed like an impossible task. World Heritage Encyclopedia is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization. The day has come And now the fates are changing March! It does not have marching bands, or horns blaring out its message. Sexual Content
 As the Revolution moved forward into the Terror, the Duke's royal lineage and alleged avarice convicted him in the minds of radical leaders and he was sent to his execution in November 1793.  Others were more wary, such as journalist Jean-Paul Marat, who wrote: It would take almost two full years until the first French Constitution was signed on 3 September 1791, and it required another popular intervention to make it happen. Versailles was maintained, an acknowledgement that the king might someday return, however, neither Louis or his family would see the splendour of Versailles again. The very next day, while the division was marching out of the town, the General went to the convent to be present at ... ...e Hotel Rambouillet, and the Place Royale to the sixteenth; and lastly, as Versailles was to the seventeenth and the eighteenth. Louis departed the balcony and was replaced by Marie Antoinette, who bravely risked her life by standing before the crowd, some of whom were armed with muskets. The women in the fish market would start the march toward Versailles that had been discussed so much in the previous weeks. The royal guards raced throughout the palace, bolting doors and barricading hallways and those in the compromised sector, the cour de marbre, fired their guns at the intruders, killing a young member of the crowd. They sought the help and support of the Assembly.  The Hôtel de Ville itself was ransacked as the crowd surged through taking its provisions and weapons, but Maillard helped prevent it from burning down the entire building. It is... ...ings of Civilization Pgs 704-1469 B: The Effect of Civilization on Humans Pgs 1470-1868 Chapter 7: Entities an... ...7 Incrementalism Chapter Six ‘B’: Civilization The Effect of Civilization on Humans Pg 706 Incrementalism Cont’d Pg 709 Cities Pg 711 The ... ... been created by the re-drawing of arbitrary boundaries such as the treaty of Versailles after the 1 st World War? And then, just mayb... Full Text Search Details...s of, weeps, unpopular, at Dinner of Guards, courage of, Fifth October, at Versailles, shows her- self to people, and Louis at Tuileries, and the Lorr... ...alists leave, state of, in want, recruited, Revolutionary, fourteen armies on foot. Excessive Violence
Late in the evening, Lafayette's national guardsmen approached up the Avenue de Paris. The harvest had been gathered in September so supplies should have improved – but this had not eventuated in the capital.  A sense of victory over the ancien régime was imbued in the parade, and it was understood by all that the king was now fully at the service of the people. Others wanted the plead with the king to leave Versailles and return to Paris, where he would be away from what they perceived as the corrupting influences of the aristocracy. Then bloody hell will break loose. One loves the master of the house who would not be hurt or offended at seeing his apartment thus occupied if he returned suddenly.”. On October 5, 1789, women had suffered enough injustice as a result of the economic crisis in France. The march on Versailles's main purpose was to obtain bread and force the price of bread down to where it had been. The demonstrators responded with a muted respect, and many even raised a cheer which the queen had not heard for quite a long time: "Vive la Reine! Bringing together people representing sources of the Revolution in their largest numbers yet, the march on Versailles proved to be a defining moment of that Revolution. , At about six o'clock in the morning, some of the protesters discovered a small gate to the palace was unguarded.  By now the mass of people had grown to over sixty thousand, and the return trip took about nine hours. The king was indeed considering this, and when on 18 September he issued a formal statement giving his approval to only a portion of the decrees, the deputies were incensed. The main palace had 2,153 rooms, 67 staircases and floor space exceeding 67,000 square metres. A lot of readers will be familiar with the broad strokes of the French Revolution; the working class felt neglected by the aristocracy, and by the king in particular. During the October Days, as many as 30,000 people laid siege to Versailles and petitioned the king and the National Constituent Assembly. Lafayette brought her to the same balcony, accompanied by her young son and daughter.