“You look to the heavens for what the meaning of life is down here,” says Musgrave. Our special issue Hubble: 30 Years of Discovery is out now. Story Musgrave has an insatiable passion for life. A picture of the telescope can even be glimpsed on the wall – alongside disasters including the Hindenburg and Titanic – in a blues club scene in the 1991 hit movie Naked Gun 2½. Ever since, it has been providing astronomers with breathtaking images of the cosmos Story Musgrave Us Space Program Mars Space Space Shuttle Space Exploration Science And Nature Astronaut Nasa Interview In the years since, Hubble’s near-disastrous early years have been largely forgotten. The left hand of astronaut Jeffrey A. Hoffman appears at the lower left corner. Eventually, Hubble was fixed. “During its development they told me to identify every possible failure it could get into and come up with the spacewalk and tools to fix each one of those failures,” Musgrave explains. “The real heroics of the fix were done on the ground, to get the details right – when you build a good plan, you follow the plan,” says Musgrave. Story Musgrave Profile Musgrave is NASA's longest-serving astronaut and the specialist who repaired the Hubble Telescope. Ten years later, he was the lead space walker during the first mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope. Why did astronauts service the Hubble Space Telescope? An interview with former astronaut Dr. Story Musgrave reflecting on the Hubble Space Telescope's anniversary, and his career. An astronaut, doctor and scientist (he has seven graduate degrees, including maths and medicine), Musgrave understood every system, instrument and component; every panel, nut and bolt. There’s no such thing as too busy.”. The next day, Musgrave and fellow astronaut Jeff Hoffman donned their spacesuits to begin one of the longest EVAs in space history. “I could’ve done back-to-back spacewalks every day for five or six days.”. One of only a handful of astronauts to complete six space missions, he was payload commander on mission STS-61: the mission to fix the Hubble Space Telescope’s mirror. One of only a handful of astronauts to complete six space missions, he was payload commander on mission STS-61: the mission to fix the Hubble Space Telescope’s mirror. In space shuttle history, there is one astronaut who bears the distinction of having flown … “Hubble bridges a gap between cosmology, theology, philosophy and astronomy.”, “It tends to shed a light on who we are. “I was looking at the whole continent of Australia. Musgrave’s biography is full of anecdotes and inspirational events. You design it not to be special and not to be hard work, then you choreograph it.”. As a result (and by Nasa’s own admission) Hubble’s first servicing mission, STS-61, was to become one of the most challenging and complex crewed spaceflights ever attempted. The only problem they encountered was closing the instrument compartment doors. By June 1990, when Nasa realised the seriousness of the situation, it described the mirror defect as a “spherical aberration”. This meant the $1.6bn (£1.06bn) observatory was unable to properly focus. Musgrave performed the first space shuttle space walk in 1983 on Challenger’s maiden flight. The Hubble telescope was launched in April 1990. The mission launched on December 2, 1993 from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. “You’re never too busy if you’re an explorer,” he says. Ben Evans is a science and space writer. “Astronaut F. Story Musgrave (top right center) works with a restraint device near the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) during the first of five STS-61 extravehicular activities (EVA). On STS-61, Story Musgrave performed three of the five space walks to repair the Hubble Space Telescope. I ask Musgrave if the EVAs were hard. Thanks to the crew and support staff of STS-61, Hubble has become one of the most significant and important space missions of all time. They wanted us to concentrate on fixing Hubble – to concentrate on the back of the bus.”. Astronaut F. Story Musgrave moves about in Space Shuttle Endeavour's cargo bay during the deployment of the solar array panels on the Hubble Space Telescope during the final of five STS-61 spacewalks. Astronauts Kathryn Thornton and Thomas Akers set out on the second spacewalk to replace one of the telescope’s solar panels, which had begun to list. He was the backup science-pilot for the first Skylab mission, and was a CAPCOM for the second and third Skylab missions. “I tried to disempower myself, because if you’re too powerful the right answers don’t come,” he says. During this maiden voyage of Space Shuttle Challenger, the crew performed the first Shuttle deployment of an IUS/TDRS satellite, and Musgrave and Don Peterson conducted the first Space Shuttle extra-vehicular activity(EVA) to test the new space suits and construction and repair devices and procedures. However, the Nasa space telescope that has transformed our view of the Universe was launched with a major defect. An astronaut, … A veteran of the US Marine Corps with academic degrees in six subjects, from maths to medicine, F. Story Musgrave became NASA’s preeminent authority on spacewalks. When astronaut Story Musgrave opened one of the doors on Hubble to install a new camera, the door would not close, so Musgrave and the other astronauts had to think of a creative way to get around the problem. This was by far one of the most important and complicated mission to face NASA. What was wrong with Hubble’s mirror, and how was it fixed. By the beginning of 1992, while engineers developed a new instrument to counter the “aberration”, Musgrave’s team had started to plan the rescue mission. During his visit, he described his upcoming space walk and planned instrument installation. The only sense of fear of heights that I have ever had in spaceflight was looking from the arm down into the payload bay and thinking I could fall.”. “If it’s a demanding day’s work, you haven’t designed it right. Share this story on Facebook, Google+ or Twitter. Fortunately, the agency had always intended that the space telescope would be regularly serviced and updated in orbit. Click here to buy. How Mission Control works is the whole team plays with the data, you challenge each other and finally converge on the right solution.” Musgrave wanted to be one of the gang. “They didn’t want any spacewalker on STS-61 to be the flight engineer. Dr. Story Musgrave - Space Shuttle Endeavour, Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission The most dramatic of Dr. Story Musgrave’s space missions was his fifth flight on the Space Shuttle Endeavour. Story Musgrave, Actor: Mission to Mars. “You never can tell if it was a natural selection,” he says, but having done the first-ever Shuttle spacewalk, he seemed a logical choice. “It had so many darned problems as soon as it got into space.”, The repairs were carried out in orbit some 600 kilometres (370 miles) above Earth (Credit: Nasa). With a fully functioning Hubble Space Telescope released back into its orbit, politicians who had been so critical of Nasa became the first to congratulate the returning astronauts. “The most important deployment in history; a huge mission. Four years after the Challenger disaster, Nasa found itself once again at the centre of a political storm and “negligence” was one of the milder words being bandied around by journalists, commentators and politicians. Musgrave choreographed every detail down to the last screw or bolt. Selected in 1967, he took part in as many as six Space Shuttle missions.He left NASA in … The servicing mission transformed a media narrative of Nasa’s incompetence into one of triumph. STS-61 was the first Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission, and the fifth flight of the Space Shuttle Endeavour.The mission launched on 2 December 1993 from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Its release from the spacecraft didn’t go … That was why spacewalk expert Musgrave had been assigned to the project in the first place. But this was American taxpayers’ money and the faulty machine was in space. Thirty years ago this week, the venerable Hubble Space Telescope was launched into orbit aboard Space Shuttle Discovery. You reserve the physical strength for performance margin, but I’m a total wimp. Backed by hundreds of engineers, technicians and controllers on the ground, during the 11-day mission, the Shuttle crew carried out five back-to-back EVAs, notching-up some 35 hours and 28 minutes outside the spacecraft. As the crew began its spacewalk training in the giant water tank in Houston, the list of failures on board the ailing telescope was getting longer and the required repairs more numerous. With his expertise, Musgrave should have been ‘EV1’, the chief spacewalker, but he rejected it. Three days later, the spacecraft rendezvoused with Hubble and Swiss European Space Agency astronaut Claude Nicollier used the robotic arm to capture the faulty telescope and park it in the payload bay. This was the first space walk from a Space Shuttle. Astronaut F. Story Musgrave, one of two STS-6 mission specialists, participates in a safety tether dynamics checkout procedure during the mission’s April 7 extravehicular activity (EVA). Astronaut Story Musgrave, who led the first Hubble repair mission in 1993, told CNN's John Holliman in a live Monday morning interview from Houston that the Discovery crew was doing "an A … Story Musgrave had worked on the development of the Hubble Space Telescope from its inception in the mid-1970s to launch in April 1990. Space Shuttle Endeavour was launched on 2 December 1993. The 1993 servicing mission was the first, of five missions, to upgrade the Hubble Telescope. Now Musgrave was tasked with leading an Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA) team that would enable Hubble to fulfil its potential. December 8, 1993 Hubble Telescope Repair Mission, Day 5 Space Shuttle Endeavour’s astronauts Story Musgrave and Jeffrey Hoffman conducted repairs and upgrades to the Hubble Space Telescope. Mission duration was 5 days, 23 minutes, 42 seco… Nasa either needed to write it off or fix it. ‘How we fixed Hubble’: An interview with former astronaut Story Musgrave, the mission to fix the Hubble Space Telescope’s mirror, ‘How we serviced Hubble’: astronaut Mike Massimino on fixing the famous space telescope. Musgrave and Hoffman carried out three spacewalks, alternating with their colleagues Kathryn Thornton and Tom Akers. Musgrave and Hoffman carried out one of the longest spacewalk missions in Nasa history (Credit: Nasa). And, for Musgrave, the space telescope has become much more than a science mission. Musgrave was the astronaut who installed WFPC2 (with Materion filters) in Hubble as part of Servicing Mission 1, his fifth space flight. His four previous space missions as a flight engineer were totally different, carrying primary responsibility for Shuttle systems. As astronauts Richard Covey, Kenneth Bowersox, Kathryn Thornton, Story Musgrave, Claude Nicollier, Jeff Hoffman and Tom Akers captured Hubble in orbit and moved it into the shuttle bay for repair, the world watched a historic event unfold. “You design for not having physical strength. In fact the serious glitches, faults and defects experienced by Hubble are now described in the history section of its official website as “teething problems” – an understatement, perhaps, given the potential gravity of the situation. “There were 13 systems broken, so that dictates the mission and what we could’ve done,” Musgrave explains. If Hubble were a new car you would take it straight back to the dealer and demand a refund. “The American public had never seen a mission like this. “It’s no more than a day’s work,” he says. And who humanity is.”. An investigation concluded that, during manufacturing, the mirror’s edges had been polished slightly too flat. Musgrave, selected to lead the repairs on the mission, had previously communicated with the STS-31 crew from Mission Control and had worked on the space telescope since 1975. Hubble celebrates its 25th anniversary this month. Anchored to the robotic arm 600 kilometres (370 miles) above the Earth, they spent almost eight hours replacing gyroscopes, control units and electrical circuits. Spacewalking was “…outrageous for sure”, especially working on the Shuttle’s robot arm. In 1992, Materion’s Westford, MA facility welcomed an honored visitor - astronaut Story Musgrave. Richard Hollingham talks to the man who had to don his spacesuit and make it work. Read about our approach to external linking. He is not only a medical doctor, but also a chemist, mathematician, biophysicist, physiologist and computer scientist. “People assume you’ve got the right answers and they don’t dare challenge the answers, so that’s why I refused the title of EV1. He completed astronaut academic training and then worked on the design and development of the Skylab Program. In addition to clocking thousands of hours in outer space, Musgrave is a retired trauma surgeon, pilot, landscape architect, mechanic, concept artist, design professor, business owner, farmer, and father of seven.