[149], In 2017, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, non-Hispanic whites made up 24.9% of the population of Houston proper, Hispanics or Latinos 44.5%, Blacks or African Americans 29.9%, and Asian Americans 6.7%. The crane that collapsed was one of the largest cranes in the nation, possessing a 400-foot boom that could lift more than a million pounds. The City of Houston COVID-19 Recovery website outlines the recovery approach led by Marvin Odum, Houston's COVID-19 Relief and Recovery Czar. [citation needed], In 1840, the community established a chamber of commerce, in part to promote shipping and navigation at the newly created port on Buffalo Bayou. [245] The city also has over 200 additional green spaces—totaling over 19,600 acres (79 km2) that are managed by the city—including the Houston Arboretum and Nature Center. This was the stimulus for the development of the city's aerospace industry. created_user, [171] Other prominent Catholic jurisdictions include the Eastern Catholic Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church and Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. [273], Murders fell by 37 percent from January to June 2011, compared with the same period in 2010. List of Zipcodes in Houston, Texas; ZIP Code: ZIP Code Name: Population: Type [124] A nation-wide developer, Meritage Homes, bought the land and planned to develop the 500-year floodplain into 900 new residential homes. In August 2005, Houston became a shelter to more than 150,000 people from New Orleans, who evacuated from Hurricane Katrina. On January 31, 2018, the Houston City Council agreed to forgive large water bills thousands of households faced in the aftermath of Hurricane Harvey, as Houston Public Works found 6,362 homeowners' water utility bills had at least doubled.[58][59]. In order to meet the new floodplain regulations, the developers needed to elevate lowest floors two feet above the 500 year floodplain, equivalent to five or six feet above the 100-year base flood elevation, and build a channel to direct stormwater runoff toward detention basins. [264] The city of Houston's official 2010 census count was 600 shy of the required number; however, as the city was expected to grow beyond 2.1 million shortly thereafter, the two additional districts were added for, and the positions filled during, the August 2011 elections. At least 11 other states have, too", "U.S. Cities Prepare For Planned ICE Raids", "Houston homicide rate changes little in 2016", New FBI stats suggest crime's in decline in Houston, "FBI report: Houston's murder rate down, violent crime increases", Distribution – Houston High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area Drug Market Analysis 2009, "Sex Trafficking: Groups Expose Houston's Dark Secret", "Two Worlds a Mile Apart: A Brief History of the Fourth Ward", "Carnegie Foundation Gives University of Houston its Highest Classification for Research Success, Elevating UH to Tier One Status", "UH achieves Tier One status in research", "UH takes big step up to Tier One status", "Histories of TSU and UH marked by segregation", "Rice tops the list of 25 hardest colleges to get into in Texas", https://hbculifestyle.com/largest-hbcu-by-enrollment/#:~:text=Nestled%20on%20a%20sprawling%20150,diverse%20institutions%20in%20the%20state, https://abc13.com/barbara-jordan-mickey-leland-michael-strahan-yolanda-adams/6001128/, https://www.uhd.edu/finishuhdstrong/Pages/default.aspx, "Telemundo Station Group, part of the NBCUniversal Owned Television Stations division", "Houston Press Shutters Its Print Operation", "Best Local Magazine: OutSmart | Best of Houston® 2008: Your Key to the City", "Texas Medical Center – Largest Medical Center (Video HD (English))", "Rice and Baylor College of Medicine extend MOU", "2016 American Community Survey, 1-year estimates: Commuting Characteristics by Sex", "Transit Mode Share Trends Looking Steady; Rail Appears to Encourage Non-Automobile Commutes", "The growing distance between people and jobs in metropolitan America", "Commuting to Work in the Largest 30 U.S. Cities", "Patterns of automobile dependence in cities: an international overview of key physical and economic dimensions with some implications for urban policy", "Study: Houston among cities with poor sustainable transit systems", "Four Texas counties rank among nation's top ten for gasoline consumption", "The Kinder Houston Area Survey: Thirty-Six Years of Measuring Responses to a Changing America", "Car Ownership in U.S. Cities Data and Map", "Major Thoroughfare and Freeway Plan Policy Statement", "Gulf Coast Regionally Coordinated Transportation Plan – 2016 Transportation Resource Inventory Update", "2040 Regional Transportation Plan (RTP)", "Vote against Metro referendum could mean more rail", "Metro's Silver Line starts, first of many bus rapid transit planned in region in lieu of rail", "Federal funding pulled for light rail line construction along Richmond Avenue", "Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2008, State of Texas", "Amtrak ridership up in Houston area, Brookings Institution reports", "Texas Eagle Thruway Motorcoach Schedules", "Hike and bike trail extensions coming to four bayous", "Houston saddles up for downtown bike share program", "Houston bikesharing program enjoys robust growth", "Houston Bike Share names new executive director", "FAA selects the HAS as 2005 Airport of the Year", "George Bush Intercontinental Airport Fact Sheet", "2005 Total Airline System Passenger Traffic Up 4.6% From 2004", "United Continental Planning Houston Flight Resumption", "Houston Airport System Statistical Report: 2017 Fiscal Year Summary", "Southwest launches new international service at Houston Hobby Airport today", "William P. Hobby Airport Rated Among Top Five Performing Airports Worldwide", "Houston City Council unanimously approves Sister City Agreement between Houston, Texas and Basrah, Iraq", Greater Houston Convention & Visitors Bureau, Greater Houston Partnership (GHP) Houston Chamber, Greater Houston Transportation and Emergency Management Center, San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site, list of cities and towns in Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land MSA, National Register of Historic Places Sites, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Houston&oldid=1000200282, 1836 establishments in the Republic of Texas, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with disputed statements from January 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles needing additional references from December 2020, All articles needing additional references, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: NOAA (relative humidity and dew point 1969–1990, sun 1961–1990), This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 02:28. As it pushed upward, the salt dragged surrounding sediments into salt dome formations, often trapping oil and gas that seeped from the surrounding porous sands. Houston is in 2020 ethnically and demographically what America will be ethnically and demographically in 2050. Houston is the most diverse metropolitan area in Texas and has been described as the most racially and ethnically diverse major metropolis in the U.S.[18] It is home to many cultural institutions and exhibits, which attract more than 7 million visitors a year to the Museum District. [293] The Houston Community College and Lone Star College systems are among the 10 largest institutions of higher learning in the United States. … ... Must be a musician whose principal residence is located within the City of Houston's city limits. [198], In 2006, the Houston metropolitan area ranked first in Texas and third in the U.S. within the category of "Best Places for Business and Careers" by Forbes magazine. ". Official records for Houston were kept at the Weather Bureau in downtown from July 1888 to May 1969, and at Intercontinental since June 1969. However, from 2006 to 2016, violent crime was still down 12 percent in Houston. Ord_Link, They paid $5,000 total, but only $1,000 of this in cash; notes made up the remainder. According to historian David McComb, "[T]he brothers, on August 26, 1836, bought from Elizabeth E. Parrott, wife of T.F.L. Celebrating the annual two-weekend festival, ACL Fest fans will relive memorable past sets captured in Zilker Park and unique original programming and contributions from the entire Austin City Limits family. In 2010, whites (including Hispanic whites) made up 57.6% of the city of Houston's population; 24.6% of the total population was non-Hispanic whites. It is located north and south of Farm to Market Road 1960 about 6 miles (10 km) east of Humble and 18 miles (29 km) northeast of downtown Houston in northeastern Harris County. GLOBALID, Houston ( /hjuːstən/) is the fourth-largest city in the United States of America, and the largest city in the state of Texas. After five years, 80.5% of graduates are still living and working in the region. Lot / Land for sale. The Austin City Limits crew is sad to hear of the death of singer, songwriter and country hitmaker K.T. Land in some areas southeast of Houston is sinking because water has been pumped out of the ground for many years. "[25], The Allen brothers ran their first advertisement for Houston just four days later in the Telegraph and Texas Register, naming the notional town in honor of President Sam Houston. In 2012, the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land area recorded $110.3 billion in merchandise exports. The largest and longest-running is the annual Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo, held over 20 days from early to late March, and is the largest annual livestock show and rodeo in the world. 0 Blue Lake Dr, Humble, TX 77338 . [51] This has been exacerbated by a lack of zoning laws, which allowed unregulated building of residential homes and other structures in flood-prone areas. The Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area is served by one public television station and one public radio station. The Niels Esperson Building stood as the tallest building in Houston from 1927 to 1929. [257] The event had a 5-year race contract through 2017 with IndyCar. [289] The University of Houston–Clear Lake and the University of Houston–Downtown are stand-alone universities within the University of Houston System; they are not branch campuses of the University of Houston. [234] Facilities in the Theater District include the Jones Hall—home of the Houston Symphony Orchestra and Society for the Performing Arts—and the Hobby Center for the Performing Arts. The Federal Aviation Administration and the state of Texas selected the Houston Airport System as "Airport of the Year" in 2005, largely due to the implementation of a $3.1 billion airport improvement program for both major airports in Houston.[340]. [14] In the mid-20th century, Houston's economy diversified, as it became home to the Texas Medical Center—the world's largest concentration of healthcare and research institutions—and NASA's Johnson Space Center, where the Mission Control Center is located. The ship channel continues past Galveston and then into the Gulf of Mexico. [61] Due to the industrial infrastructure in and around Houston, natural disasters such as Hurricane Harvey have also led to numerous toxic spills and disasters, including the 2017 Arkema plant explosion. gis @ the city of houston. Geospatial data for Harris County from City of Houston, Texas. Within Hermann Park are the Houston Zoo and the Houston Museum of Natural Science. [90] A seven-mile (11 km) system of tunnels and skywalks links Downtown buildings containing shops and restaurants, enabling pedestrians to avoid summer heat and rain while walking between buildings. [12][13] The city is named after former General Sam Houston, who was president of the Republic of Texas and had won Texas's independence from Mexico at the Battle of San Jacinto 25 miles (40 km) east of Allen's Landing. [324], METRO began light rail service in 2004 with the opening of the 8-mile (13 km) north-south Red Line connecting Downtown, Midtown, the Museum District, the Texas Medical Center, and NRG Park. [344] United Airlines' share of the Houston Airport System's commercial aviation market was nearly 60% in 2017 with 16 million enplaned passengers. The Grand Prix of Houston, an annual auto race on the IndyCar Series circuit was held on a 1.7-mile temporary street circuit in NRG Park. By 1910, the city's population had reached 78,800, almost doubling from a decade before. Economist and vice president of research at the Greater Houston Partnership Patrick Jankowski attributed Houston's success to the ability of the region's real estate and energy industries to learn from historical mistakes. The new 20-story Skanska building[92] and BBVA Compass Plaza[93] are the newest office buildings built in Uptown after 30 years. [151] Blacks or African Americans made up 22.5% of Houston's population, American Indians made up 0.3% of the population, Asians made up 6.9% (1.7% Vietnamese, 1.3% Chinese, 1.3% Indian, 0.9% Pakistani, 0.4% Filipino, 0.3% Korean, 0.1% Japanese) and Pacific Islanders made up 0.1%. Slightly west of the University of Houston is Texas Southern University (TSU), one of the largest historically black universities in the United States with approximately 10,000 students. Arterial roads are organized into four categories, in decreasing order of intensity: major thoroughfares, transit corridor streets, collector streets, and local streets. Before Hurricane Harvey, the city had bought back $10.7 million in houses in this area specifically to take them out of danger. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ... hardship related to the pandemic comes as the rising number of coronavirus patients is pushing Texas hospitals to their limits. Greater Houston's arterial road network is established at the municipal level, with the City of Houston exercising planning control over both its incorporated area and extraterritorial jurisdiction (ETJ). [54] Even worse flooding happened in late August 2017, when Hurricane Harvey stalled over southeastern Texas, much like Tropical Storm Allison did sixteen years earlier, causing severe flooding in the Houston area, with some areas receiving over 50 inches (1,300 mm) of rain. Houston is home to 337 parks, including Hermann Park, Terry Hershey Park, Lake Houston Park, Memorial Park, Tranquility Park, Sesquicentennial Park, Discovery Green, Buffalo Bayou Park and Sam Houston Park. Had these floodplain development rules had been in place all along, it is estimated that 84% of homes in the 100-year and 500-year floodplains would have been spared damage. Earl R. Verbeek, Karl W. Ratzlaff, Uel S. Clanton. Chris Brown is the city controller, serving his first term as of January 2016[update]. The increased production of the expanded shipbuilding industry during World War II spurred Houston's growth,[42] as did the establishment in 1961 of NASA's "Manned Spacecraft Center" (renamed the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in 1973). In the early 2010s, two additional lines—the Green Line, servicing the East End, and the Purple Line, servicing the Third Ward—opened, and the Red Line was extended northward to Northline, bringing the total length of the system to 22.7 miles (36.5 km). The City of Houston's Musicians and Music Venues Economic Relief Program is being funded with $3 million of the City's allocated CARES Act 2020 funds. [252] BBVA Compass Stadium is a soccer-specific stadium for the Houston Dynamo, the Texas Southern Tigers football team, and Houston Dash, located in East Downtown. [249] The Houston SaberCats are a rugby team that plays in Major League Rugby. [195] In 2010, mining (which consists almost entirely of exploration and production of oil and gas in Houston) accounted for 26.3% of Houston's GAP up sharply in response to high energy prices and a decreased worldwide surplus of oil production capacity, followed by engineering services, health services, and manufacturing. The Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research, a think tank, has described Greater Houston as "one of the most ethnically and culturally diverse metropolitan areas in the country". City Limits - Houston TX Real Estate. This was the largest urban evacuation in the history of the United States. These degree-holders tend to stay in Houston. [286][287][288] The third-largest university in Texas, the University of Houston has nearly 44,000 students on its 667-acre (270-hectare) campus in the Third Ward. In September 2010, Outreach Magazine published a list of the 100 largest Christian churches in the United States, and on the list were the following Houston-area churches: Lakewood, Second Baptist Church Houston, Woodlands Church, Church Without Walls, and First Baptist Church. [27], In 1839, the Republic of Texas relocated its capital to Austin. [297], Rice University, located near the Museum District and Texas Medical Center, is the largest private research university in Houston. OTHER, Because of these strengths, Houston is designated as a global city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network and global management consulting firm A.T. As of 2016, over 40 synagogues were in Greater Houston. [323], Amtrak's thrice-weekly Los Angeles–New Orleans Sunset Limited serves Houston at a station northwest of Downtown. Four state universities are located in Houston. [152] The proportion of non-Hispanic whites in Houston has decreased significantly since 1970, when it was 62.4%. Houston has the potential to be “a city on a hill.”16 We are a model of industrious business success, and we are, in a very true sense, the future of the nation. Employing more than 73,600 people, institutions at the medical center include 13 hospitals and two specialty institutions, two medical schools, four nursing schools, and schools of dentistry, public health, pharmacy, and virtually all health-related careers. [34] In 1940, the U.S. Census Bureau reported Houston's population as 77.5% White and 22.4% Black. [13] In the same year, Houston became the county seat of Harrisburg County (now Harris County). [106][107] Snowfalls of at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) on both December 10, 2008, and December 4, 2009, marked the first time measurable snowfall had occurred in two consecutive years in the city's recorded history. [101] Twenty-first century snow events in Houston include a storm on December 24, 2004, which saw 1 inch (3 cm) of snow accumulate in parts of the metro area,[105] and an event on December 7, 2017, which precipitated 0.7 inches (2 cm) of snowfall. Houston Public Radio is listener-funded and comprises one NPR member station, KUHF (News 88.7). [221][222][223][224][225] Houston received the official nickname of "Space City" in 1967 because it is the location of NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 removed the quotas, allowing for the growth of other religions. The damage for the Houston area is estimated at up to $125 billion U.S. dollars,[56] and it is considered to be one of the worst natural disasters in the history of the United States,[57] with the death toll exceeding 70 people. [193], The Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metro area's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016 was $478 billion, making it the sixth-largest of any metropolitan area in the United States and larger than Iran's, Colombia's, or the United Arab Emirates' GDP.