Read also: Athens famous buildings | Some of the Outstanding buildings of Athens. It is one of the few temples that was entirely constructed with marble and the only one with Doric order, the oldest form in Greek architecture. Its streets saw the Ottoman cavalry, Nazi jackboots, the tanks of the military junta; it witnessed occupation and freedom, blood and fire, destruction and rebirth. Do you like Athens, the birthplace of democracy is renowned for some of the world's greatest cultural monuments like the Parthenon, the enduring symbol of Ancient Greek beauty. Athens was the center of ancient Greek theatre, a city embellished with open-air structures constructed on the sloping hillsides. It’s a city that was never enslaved for long, always remembering that it has been, is and will always be the cradle of democracy. The city of Athens, Greece, with its famous Acropolis, has come to symbolize the whole of the country in the popular imagination, and not without cause. Started in 447 BCE, it took nine years for the structure to be completed and an additional six to finish all of the decorative elements. has evolved a lot over the years but still, you can see some influence of the ancient Greek style of artwork in works of many modern artists. The centre of modern Athens wasn’t even within the boundaries of the former city. . Our services are rated The most noteworthy result of Pericles’ public-works campaign was the magnificent Parthenon, a temple in honor of the city’s patron goddess Athena. The inner chamber contained a large gold and ivory statue of Athena. The origins of Athens date back to 3000BC, making it one of the oldest cities in the world. Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. Ancient Greek architecture came from the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland, the Peloponnese, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Anatolia and Italy for a period from about 900 BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around 600 BC. It was built for the goddess Athena. This was because Sultan Mehmed II rode into Athens and was so amazed at the ancient architecture in the city that he forbade his forces from looting on the pain of death. The remnants of the past provide visitors with a fascinating insight into the city's rich history. Other Buildings In the heart of the city, opposite Syntagma Square lies the remarkable Greek Parliament. Located on the north of Syntagma square, this building has three floors which were destroyed in the fire in the year 1909. She was the goddess of wisdom, warfare, and courage. 10 facts about Athens 10 things you never knew about the Greek capital Gallery. This set a mod… Influenced by the European modern movement led by Le Corbusier and other architects, Greek architects tried to adapt these principles into Greek practice. Greek architects created the first three and hugely influenced the latter two which were composites rather than genuine innovations. Today’s capital city of Athens in Attica bears little resemblance in architecture to its small-town predecessor in the 18th-century. Athens’ first female mayor, Dora Bakoyannis, decided to give the city a much-needed facelift in 2003, as the marble had aged and would get slippery on rainy days. It sits on a hill called the Acropolis overlooking Athens. We use cookies to offer you a better browsing experience and to analyze site traffic. Interesting Parthenon Facts: The Parthenon is 45 feet tall, and its base is 228 feet by 101 feet. In Athens, visitors can also view a sample of Cycladic architecture in the small alley of Anafiotika, above Plaka.