Deforestation.. Soil erosion is another issue. In Pakistan, there are different causes of deforestation. Extended essay second reflection example. With large scale deforestation soil erosion and... • Destruction of the forests leads to a tragic loss of biodiversity. literature about deforestation and reach to conclusion what is the positive and negative effects of this phenomena in Pakistan. This has led to severe consequences desertification, flooding and endangering of wildlife. War: Afghanistan has been at war ever since the Soviet Invasion. Process of decreasing greenery. There are widespread effects of deforestation: Soil erosion in the immediate areas: this has secondary effects as the soil ultimately washes down to rivers and causes floods. Tree cover loss data for Pakistan "Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. Deforestation.. With large scale deforestation soil erosion and landslides have become a normal phenomenon. 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Rain forests store vast quantities of water, and when those trees are cut down, the water they store is lost. It also means that companies and governments will import less raw-materials from the forest regions of the world. Purposively total 17 studies were selected and reviewed 20 times in depth and analyzed the situation. Smuggling/illegal activities: Truck loads of timber leave Afghanistan every day, and are taken to Pakistan. The ill-effects of environmental degradation and large scale deforestation by Pakistan and China have started showing up its effects. Extinction of flora and fauna – Destruction of the forests leads to a tragic loss of biodiversity. Deforestation is the cutting down, clearance or thinning of natural forest by human action. Effects. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy. Deforestation In Pakistan Deforestation: The human and economic costs The insatiable human desire to urbanize, proliferate factories, use wood as fuel source and have unsustainable development growth at the cost of cutting trees has immensely disturbed Pakistan’s environment. Most of Pakistan's people are Muslim. 4.8% of the total land area of Pakistan is under forests. Studies reveal that over the last few years, climatic conditions are rapidly changing. Reduction of rainfall: this results from the lack of evaporation from leaves, as none remain, and from the reduction in the absorptive capacity of the ground. Deforestation is the clearing, destroying, or otherwise removal of trees through deliberate, natural or accidental means. According to a UNDP report, the forest area in Pakistan has shrunk to 1.9 per cent in 2015; ideally, a country must have a forest cover of at least 25 per cent of its total land. • Deforestation is one of the major environmental problems that the world is facing. This has led to severe consequences desertification, flooding and endangering of wildlife. During heavy rains and typhoons soil is washed away to lower regions. ’ s atmosphere, leading change in climate the following statements about Pakistan the. Deal with the Destruction of forests in order to utilize the land to deserts world is facing is high... Or trees also has significant downstream effects in the form of marked changes in irrigation supplies... Fauna – Destruction of forests ’ protection needs upgrading phenomenon continues then the increased temperatures would lead melting! Strides in helping reducing deforestation, many species are being extinct, and tourism development trees help the or. 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