Erected in June 2005. [40] A dhāraṇī can be a mnemonic to encapsulate the meaning of a section or chapter of a sutra. They were greatly popular between the 11th- and 15th-centuries and a part of comprehensive solution to various ailments, a ritual performed by Buddhist monks and practitioners of onmyōdō. Search for more names by meaning . Namgyalma is a deity for long life and purification. Please feel free to read what others say about this name and to share your comments if you have more information.. N.B. [66], The Japanese Buddhist monk Kūkai drew a distinction between dhāraṇī and mantra and used it as the basis of his theory of language. : for the text of the dharani, see Practice; Ushnishavijaya Dharani, at that time, your mouth is occupied. [1][29] According to the East Asian Buddhism studies scholar Paul Copp, some Buddhist communities outside India sometimes refer to dharanis with alternate terms such as "mantra, hṛdaya (hridiya), paritrana (paritta), raksha (Pali: rakkha), gutti, or vidyā" though these terms also have other contextual meanings in Buddhism. [37][38] According to Janet Gyatso, there is a difference between mantras and dharanis. 11 months ago. [9], The dharani-genre of literature became popular in East Asia in the 1st millennium CE,[9] with Chinese records suggesting their profusion by the early centuries of the common era. The Nilakantha Dharani or Maha Karuna Dharani, popularly known as the Great Compassion Mantra in English, is a dharaṇi of Mahayana Buddhist origin. Basically, putting two things together so that one becomes part of the other, so to speak. [88][89] The Japanese records[note 7] state a million dharanis were so produced and distributed through Buddhist temples by the order of Empress Shōtoku – previously a Buddhist nun – after an attempted coup against her court. In the Vajrayana, this "form" is often spoken of as a "magical display", chotrül (Tibetan: ཆོ་འཕྲུལ་, Wylie: cho ‘phrul) or gyutrül (Tibetan: སྒྱུ་འཕྲུལ་, Wylie: sgyu 'phrul)., and one of the most important ones is these words [i.e. They appeared at the end of the text, and they may be seen as a coded, distilled summary of Buddhist teachings in the chapters that preceded it. Sanskrit: Usnisa Vijaya . [56], According to Richard McBride, as well as Richard Payne,[56] the "proto-tantra" proposal too is problematic because it is a meaningless anachronistic teleological category that "misleads" and implies that the dharanis somehow anticipated and nurtured Buddhist tantra tradition. Eye-Opening Sutta) is a Pali chant text used during rites such as the consecration of a Buddha image. Dharani is baby girl name mainly popular in Hindu religion and its main origin is Hindi. Dharani [also refers to] a hinge or method that will not let [you] fall into the abyss of all kinds of extremes or duality. Origin of Dharani. Please click on the superscript number to read the footnote. First, the word “samadhi”, which is almost always translated in English as “meditation” and also in Tibetan as "gom". That wish, that liking, that longing. The same root gives dharma or dhamma. due to hearing, Dharani is when any method - such as reading this dharani. Now the third one, the more complicated dharani, which is the samadhi-dharani. music. The drupchö1drupchö (Tibetan: སྒྲུབ་མཆོད་, Wylie: sgrub mchod) = an elaborate and intensive form of sadhana practice held over several days (usually three to eight days) - see drupchö., was held on November 19-24, 2020. [84] While the Korean dharani were likely printed in China,[note 6] the evidence confirms that the Japanese dharani were printed in Japan from Buddhist chants that arrived through China. The second part is the recitation itself, which is preceded by a section titled "Meditative Absorption" in which the "miracle dharani" is mentioned, on p.172.] [77], The Theravada tradition is found in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asian Buddhist countries. [59], Dharanis are not limited to an esoteric cult within Buddhism, states Paul Copp, rather the "dharani incantations and related mystic phrases and practices have been integral parts of nearly all Buddhist traditions since at least the early centuries of the common era". A dharani (Devanagari: धारणी, IAST: dhāraṇī) is a Buddhist chant, mnemonic code, incantation, or recitation, usually a mantra consisting of Sanskrit or Pali phrases. Dharani (Skt. For example, the discoveries of dharani fragments by Duan Yuquan show that the ancient Buddhist. Other similar sounding names can be Dharini, Dhiren, Dharin, Dheeran, Dharuna, Dhureen. : The Sanskrit word "dharani" is connected to the word "dhara"4dhara (Sanskrit: धर) = "holding, bearing, supporting" - see dhara., which means “the one that holds”, like Vajradhara. Its chants and ideas were in demand in East Asia, and this led to the development of wood-block based mass printing technology. [You] occupy yourself with something specific instead of always falling into the traps of all kinds of entanglements. In the Siddhartha's Intent Taiwan liturgy, this is translated as: The dharani of patience is the unborn mind, The dharani of dharma is knowing all that is to be known, The dharani of ultimate meaning is realizing non-duality, (1) ngön gyi gewa dang [i.e. Just don’t move. The dharanis and mantras overlap because in the Vajrayana tradition. dhāraṇī; Tib. Others evidence the use of dharani chanting by monks and nuns as "one of the common methods of healing during the Nara period", states Ryûichi Abé. And unfortunately, that always refers to something like sitting straight, not talking, [being] quiet. Wow, if you can really understand this. It demonstrates that dharanis were valued and in use within Buddhist communities before the 1st-century CE, state Charles Prebish and Damien Keown. It’s not just mundane. These are dated to the first half of the 8th-century, and now considered as the oldest known printed texts in the world. [There is] that kind of connotation. [71][73] While a 443 CE Chinese translation of Lankavatara Sutra does not contain some of the dharani chapters, other Chinese translations dated to the 2nd-century and 4th-century CE of Mahayana texts do contain dharanis. [33][2], The colonial era scholarship initially proposed that the dharanis and related rituals may have been an influence on Buddhism of other Indian religions such as from the esoteric tantra traditions of Hinduism around the mid-1st-millennium CE. If you are waging a war, and let’s say the enemy has three really important generals13Ed. Term also used to denote longer mantras where the meaning can more or less be understood from the sounds. The dharani is a short summary of the essential doctrine contained in a much longer … [Words] such as “HI LI MI LI, I LI MI LI …”, all of those. Dhāraṇā - धारणा. I recently … Press J to jump to the feed. The part of the liturgy titled "Reciting the Dharani and Making Offerings" is divided into two. Dharani in Tibetan is zung2zun (Tibetan: གཟུངས་; Wylie: gzungs) - see dharani.. chötrul mé jung tsik gi zung (Tibetan: ཆོ་འཕྲུལ་་རྨད་བྱུང་ཚིག་གི་གཟུངས་, Wylie: cho ‘phrul rmad byung tshig gi gzungs), translated in the liturgy as "The dharani of words is the extraordinary manifestation". In fact, probably it’s good to understand it that way in our case. [41] According to the Buddhism-related writer Red Pine, mantra and dharani were originally interchangeable, but at some point dhāraṇī came to be used for meaningful, intelligible phrases, and mantra for syllabic formulae which are not meant to be understood. [68], The Megha-Sutra is an example of an ancient Mahayana magico-religious text. Because this word [dharani] is so beautiful and so profound. [16][17][18][note 1], Dharani recitation for the purposes of healing and protection is referred to as Paritta in some Buddhist regions,[20] particularly in Theravada communities. [30], Dhāraṇīs are a form of amulet and believed in the various Buddhist traditions to deliver protection from malign influences and calamities. Although you desire to create harmony in your associations, you can be too candid in your expression, especially if you are challenged by others. It’s supposedly so great that even lord Mañjushri asked somebody to bring this dharani to him while he was in Mount Wutai in China. Left: Korea (early 8th-century, a copy at the Incheon Seoul airport), Right: Japan (764–770 CE). Back; Spiritual Cambodia; Training Wayist Coaches; Introduction to Mysticism Workshop; Training for Christian Clergy; Karman Meditation Instructor; Spirituality Workshops for First Timers The mantras are more than melodious sounds and have meaning, and these were found sporadically in pre-Mahayana Buddhism. Every word was supposedly crafted as a masterpiece by billions of buddhas and bodhisattvas. [...] Given the context, this has been changed. Dharana. Usnisa Vijaya Dharani Sutra is an ancient Mahayana sutra from India. Like the radiance of the sun at day break. This Usnisa Vijaya Dharani is like a Treasury of Sun Mani Pearl -pure and flawless, clear as space, its brilliance illuminating and all-pervading. Please see note. [1][9][2] They were an essential part of the monastic training in Buddhism's history in East Asia. The guhya mantra are about male deity and female deity relationships and union. That time Great compassionate Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva arose from his seat, tidied up his clothes, joined his palms towards the Buddha and said: 1. This dharani is what we need to count on. There are many different ways to understand [dharani], on the ultimate level and on the relative level. Usnisa Vijaya Dharani Sutra is a Mahayana sutra, which originates from India. The Dharani of Great Compassion Sanskrit. ", The early hypothesis of dharani entering Buddhist texts later was shared by Asian scholars such as Daisetz Teitarō Suzuki who wrote in 1932 while translating the, According to Joseph Kitagawa, Atanatiya Suttanta (, The Sanskrit language is the source language of sacred dharani chants in Buddhism in many other scripts. [32], The term dharani as used in the history of Mahayana and tantric Buddhism, and its interpretation has been problematic since the mid-19th-century, states Ronald Davidson. Understanding dharani on a more ultimate level. And we have been to Harvard, we have been to Yale, we have done all those things that are supposedly [going to] help us. The chant. One-pointed concentration, fixing one’ s full attention on one place, object, or idea at a time. [10], According to Robert Buswell and Donald Lopez, it is "almost certain" that some of the East Asian Buddhist literature on dharani were indigenous Chinese texts and syncretic with the Daoist practices. Then they should take these copies of the charms, place them inside the pagoda, and make offerings at the pagoda. But here we are talking about incredible magic. Which is unfortunate10Ed. The first council was held in the year Buddha died, but the compiled dhamma consisted of spoken words that were not written down. Dharani also refers to earth, beam or rafter for a roof. According to Paul Copp, one of the earliest attestable literary mandate about writing dharanis as an effective spell in itself is found in a Chinese text dated between 317 and 420 CE. [14][17][83] According to Tsien Tsuen-Hsuin, the Korean dharani scrolls were printed after the era of Empress Wu in China, and these date "no earlier than 704 CE, when the translation of the sutra was finished, and no later than 751, when the building of the temple and stupa was completed". Ed. Posted by. You understand? We are forgetful. Thus, rather than being devoid of meaning, Kūkai suggests that dhāraṇīs are in fact saturated with meaning – every syllable is symbolic on multiple levels. [47] This text is the Qifo bapusa suoshuo da tuoluoni shenzhou jing (or, Great Dharani Spirit-Spell Scripture Spoken by the Seven Buddhas and Eight Bodhisattvas). The vidya mantra represent the mind of male Buddhist deities, while dharani mantras of the female Buddhist deities. Tuṭṭe, tuṭṭe–vuṭṭe, vuṭṭe–paṭṭe, paṭṭe–kaṭṭe, kaṭṭe–amale, On the more ultimate level [there are three ways to understand dharani]: So these are the three ways to understand the ultimate dharani. Reprint 1972; Uṣṇīṣa Vijaya Dhāraṇī Sutra Chinese/English/Malay Translation by Malaysia Usnisa Vijaya Buddhist Association (Malay: Pe But at the same time, [you will be] as adaptable as the one blade of grass on the peak of a windy mountain. You save your leave for this. [1] Some Buddhist texts, such as Pancaraksa found in the homes of many Buddhist tantra tradition followers, are entirely dedicated to dharani. Because while he is playing mahjongg you can just do all sorts of things. If that’s what you’re satisfied with, why not? It could even refer to things like buttons. The text suggests friendliness (maitri) and lists numerous invocations such as those to female deities, exorcisms, means to induce rains, along with a series of magical formulae such as "sara sire sire suru suru naganam java java jivi jivi juvu juvu etc. I’m sure most of the time you [may] think “Oh, mantra is magical. This assumption, along with the view that early Buddhism was an "abstract philosophy or even a broad-based social movement" is now a part of a scholarly debate. Ani Choling with the monks live, chanting/singing Great Compassion Mantra: For reference, though, there are different translations and versions (short and long). They also mention that these Asians write "short sorcery sentences on paper and hang them up". Early mentions of dharani in the European literature are from the records left by John of Plano Carpini (1245–7) and William of Rubruck (1254) where they wrote in their respective memoirs that Uighurs and Mongols chanted "Om man baccam", later identified with "Om mani padme hum". This and similar statements are also found in the early Chinese translations of Indian Buddhist texts. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFDavidson2014 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFCopp2014 (, "Dharani and Spells in Medieval Sinitic Buddhism", One of the “One Million Pagodas” (Hyakumanto) and Invocation, "Studies in dhāraṇī literature II: Pragmatics of dhāraṇīs", "Signs of Power: Talismanic Writing in Chinese Buddhism", "Dharanis, Talismans, and Straw-Dolls: Ritual Choreographies and Healing Strategies of the "Rokujikyōhō" in Medieval Japan", Dhāraṇī and Pratibhāna: Memory and Eloquence of the Bodhisattvas, "Studies in Dhāraṇī Literature II: Pragmatics of Dhāraṇīs", "The Heart Sūtra: A Chinese Apocryphal Text? Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. [68] The most significant and popular Mahayana sutras such as the Lotus Sutra, Heart Sutra and others prominently include dharani chapters. On the most fundamental level, samadhi is basically rescuing ourselves from many distractions [with just] one distraction. : In the Mahayana, the teachings explain that "Emptiness is form", as in the words of the Heart Sutra. These seeming opposites coexisting together so harmoniously. Note 1: This transcript is not an official publication of Siddhartha's Intent. According to Buddhist studies scholars Sarah LeVine and David Gellner, Theravada lay devotees traditionally invite the monks into their homes for rites of "protection from evil" and the monk(s) chant the paritrana hymns. Hearing the teachings is really one of the most important dharanis. To be more specific, what is it that acts as the hinge or the button or the zipper? THE NAMGYALMA MANTRA. sarkke-cakre, cakre–dime, dime–hime, hime–ṭu ṭu ṭu ṭu– This sutra was translated for a total of 8 times from Sanskrit to Chinese between … There is nothing surprising in this: both names have the same origin or the same numbers of numerology. Hence, this Dharani is also known as the Auspicious Dharani, which can purify all evil paths. Language: Sanskrit, Transliterated script: Chinese. There is some sort of joy [at being here], some sort of wanting to participate. I will just give you a general picture about dharani. Like the Mañjushri Dharani. A dhāraṇī is generally understood as a mnemonic device which puts in a nutshell the meaning of a particular teaching or chapter of a sutra. Believed to be protective and with powers to generate merit for the Buddhist devotee, they constitute a major part of historic Buddhist literature. Anyway, for us, you and me, we may not understand this completely this time. This is the magic. [63] The dharani mantras, in contrast, constitute that knowledge in tantric Buddhism which "causes one to hold onto the dhamma, to remember the dhamma, to remember virtue". A ritsuryo code for Buddhist clerics dated 718 CE, promulgated by the Nara government in Japan, forbid the use of dharani for any unauthorized medical treatment, military and political rebellion. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. [2][3], — Buddha to monk Svati, in Mahamayuri 58.20–59.6Translator: Ronald Davidson[36], According to Winternitz, a dharani resembles the incantations found in the Atharvaveda and Yajurveda of Hinduism. gzungs) — long mantras, which are placed inside sacred statues and stupas. The same root gives dharma or dhamma. The Sanskrit version of the chant has been published in the book Bodhisattva of Compassion: The Mystical Tradition of Kuan Yin.The text also appears on the Daily Pure Land Practice webpage, and I have reproduced it below.. Namo Ratna Trayaya Namah Arya Avalokiteshvaraya And I believe for most of us, it will only get better. [63] The mantra exist in three forms – guhya (secret), vidya (knowledge) dharani (memory aid). "hold") certain elements of Buddhist doctrine in one's memory". But don’t whine. However, the dharanis were not unique to esoteric Mahayana texts. That’s actually the dharani. [86], According to languages and ancient manuscripts scholar Ernst Wolff, "it was Buddhism, above all, that eminently stimulated and sustained printing activities". This is actually dharani. It’s the magic of looking at something that is truth and at the same time hundreds of thousands of beings just see it as a lie. Meaning: The meaning of the name Dharani is: Bearing, Earth. The Sakyamuni Buddha was at Potalaka Mountain. : see image at top of page where DJKR indicates making a connection]. [58] The Buddhist tantra traditions added another layer of sophistication and complexity to the rituals with deities and mandalas. Here the words chötrul mé (Tibetan: ཆོ་འཕྲུལ་རྨད་, Wylie: cho ‘phrul rmad) mean "wondrous magical display". Sometimes it happens that another name has the same meaning. What’s the point of all these [flower] petals? And you tell all kinds of multicolored lies to your husband, wife, boyfriend, girlfriend, boss, just so that you can be here. It’s scattered. But this is all on a relative level. There are different versions and different translations of this mantra, but all of them are lengthy – even the shortened versions. Instead, the evidence points to an overlap but that the significance of the dharanis in mainstream Buddhist traditions and the esoteric Buddhist tantra tradition co-existed independent of each other. For instance, we are being hit by a pandemic situation. Submit the origin and/or meaning of Dharani to us below. Hearing about the Dharma. Avalokiteshvara claims that [for] each and every word, he has spent millions and millions of lifetimes just putting the words together, so to speak. Maha Cundi Dharani translation. [32] The second council occurred about 200 years after the death of the Buddha in a grove provided by Ashoka, where the knowledge was compiled again, but it too did not write anything down. It has been played since ancient times, and has traditionally been favoured by scholars and literati as an instrument of great subtlety and refinement - see, Ed. : In the Mahayana, the teachings explain that "Emptiness is form", as in the words of the Heart Sutra. Wherever the wind flows, it moves. What is the meaning of Dharani? ngön gyi gewa dang (Tibetan: སྔོན་གྱི་དགེ་བ་དང་, Wylie: sngon gyi dge ba dang = sngon gyi "previous" + dge ba "virtue" + dang "because of"). For additional information, see Practice: Ushnishavijaya Dharani.. How I wish I had the skill of Mañjushri and the wit of Avalokiteshvara and the assertiveness of Vajrapani to explain this to you. This practice was linked to concentration (samadhi) and believed to have magical virtues and a means to both spiritual and material karma-related merit making. For example, in Digha Nikaya (DN I.116.14), Sonadanda remarks that wherever the Buddha stays, "non-humans do not harm the people of that town or village", states the Buddhism scholar Peter Skilling. [14] In 1966, similarly printed dharani were discovered in stone pagoda of Pulguksa temple in Gyeongju, Korea. [80], In northern Thailand, the Suat Boek Phranet (lit. Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Rinpoche's name is abbreviated to "DJKR" throughout. [32] The third council gathered in Kashmir a century later, according to the Tibetan tradition, and the teachings were put down in writing for those "who had not obtained the power (dharani) of not-forgetting" because people were reciting corrupted forms of the teachings of the Buddha. I have noticed that this is something the Chinese here, you do this very well. "From my heart comes lots of compassionate light, like the dawn sun"19In the Siddhartha's Intent Taiwan liturgy, this is translated as: The ancient palm-leaves: containing the Pragna-paramita-hridaya-sutra and the Ushnisha-vigaya-dharani. An alternate longer Sanskrit title is the Sarvadurgatiparisodhana Usnisa Vijaya Dharani Sutra. There’s always a dead end. གཟུངས་, zung; Wyl. The Chinese text Wugou jing guangda tuoluoni jing of the influential Empress Wu's era – 683 to 705 CE – is about the Buddha reciting six dharanis. [33] According to Hodgson, as quoted by Ronald Davidson, dharani were esoteric short prayers "derived from [Buddhist tantric] Upadesa" that are believed to be amulet to be constantly repeated or worn inside little lockets, something that leads to "a charmed life". [11] In an appointment recommendation letter dated 732 CE, as an example, a Japanese priest named Chishu supports the ordination of his student Hata no kimi Toyotari by listing that he can recite following dharanis: "the Greater Prajna-paramita, Amoghapasa Avalokiteshvara, Eleven-faced Avalokiteshvara, the Golden Light, Akashagarbha, Bhaisajyaguru, consecrating water, concealing ritual space" with the dharani rituals of prostration after eight years of training. [61][62] According to Jose Cabezon, in the tantric traditions, mantra (sngags) is all knowledge and the mind of all the Buddhas, that which possesses the dharma-dhatu (essence of dhamma). Ed. It can be very rich. Given the context, this has been changed. “Bhagavan, I have a mantra of Great –compassionate Heart Dharani and now wish to proclaim it, for comforting and pleasing all livi… ", states Moriz Winternitz. The next one is tsen di töpa, which means hearing. The text, states Donald Swearer, includes a "unique dharani in praise of the Buddha" and his victory over the evil Mara. [80] According to Skilling, these "protective Buddhist literature" are used by both the monks and the laypeople of Theravada countries. In this context, dharani were acknowledged in the Buddhist tradition by about 2nd-century BCE, and they were a memory aid to ground and remember the dhamma teachings. These migrated from China to Korea and Japan. to play mahjongg the whole night. Every effort has been made to ensure that this transcript is accurate both in terms of words and meaning, however all errors and misunderstandings are the responsibility of the editors of madhyamaka.com. the words of the Ushnishavijaya Dharani], the great display, the miracle dharani, chötrul mé jung tsik gi zung17chötrul mé jung tsik gi zung (Tibetan: ཆོ་འཕྲུལ་་རྨད་བྱུང་ཚིག་གི་གཟུངས་, Wylie: cho ‘phrul rmad byung tshig gi gzungs), translated in the liturgy as "The dharani of words is the extraordinary manifestation". Meanings Indian Baby Names Meaning: In Indian Baby Names the meaning of the name Dharani is: Earth. Dhāraṇī (धारणी) is a Sanskrit word referring to “rows” of good seats, to be build upon the stage ( raṅgaśīrṣa) within the playhouse ( nāṭyamaṇḍapa ), according to … It’s everywhere actually, in all our daily experience. Till the mid-20th-century, the Hyakumantō Darani found as charms in wooden pagodas of Japan were broadly accepted as having been printed between 764 and 770 CE, and the oldest extant printed texts. Right now, our mind is everywhere. It is said to be so powerful that anybody who hears it will never again be born from the womb. [10][11] In some Buddhist regions, they served as texts upon which the Buddhist witness would swear to tell the truth. Dharani, in Buddhism and Hinduism, a sacred Sanskrit phrase of great efficacy, used as a verbal protective device or talisman and as a support or instrument for concentration. [1][2][3] These chants have roots in Vedic Sanskrit literature,[4] and many are written in Sanskrit scripts such as the Siddham[5] as well as transliterated into Chinese, Korean, Japanese and other regional scripts. [38] According to Braarvig, the dharanis are "seemingly meaningless strings of syllables". [2][65] They are particularly abundant in the esoteric tradition of Buddhism (Vajrayana, Tibetan). Know Rashi, Nakshatra, Numerology, Religion, Gender, Similar Names and Variant Names for name Dharani. Not just the [pandemic] situation, many times our life has lots of challenges. Please see, zun (Tibetan: གཟུངས་; Wylie: gzungs) - see. Making a connection between two pieces of fabric. First, as the general term to include all relative and ultimate dharanis. From my heart emanates tremendous rays of light, [23][24][25] They are a significant part of the historic Chinese dazangjing (scriptures of the great repository) and the Korean daejanggyeong – the East Asian compilations of the Buddhist canon between the 5th and 10th centuries.[26]. They should have the charm copied out seventy-seven times, and out of respect for the ceremony should give the copyist perfume, flowers, food and drink, clean clothes and a bath, and reward him either by anointing and covering him with perfumes or by giving him much money, or by paying him according to his ability.

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